Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a form of blood plasma that has been enriched with platelets and growth factors. Platelets are tiny cell fragments that stop bleeding and bruising and contain growth factors and natural substances that encourage cellular growth and stimulate healing. PRP augments an increase in volume of hair and contains at least 8 growth factors that will, over a period of time, continually work as a rejuvenating agent.
PRP contains special cells called Platelets, that cause growth of the hair follicles by stimulating the stem cells and other cells in the microenvironment of the hair follicle. These special Platelet cells promote healing, accelerates the rate and degree of tissue healing and regeneration, responds to injury, and formation of new cellular growth. The primary purpose of using PRP in hair restoration is to stimulate inactive or newly implanted hair follicles into an active growth phase. It is highly recommended post a hair transplant to help newly implanted follicles gain strength and grow faster.
It is a simple lunch time procedure with zero downtime though results vary from person to person.
Platelet-rich plasma therapy is been proven as a holistic remedy to control active hair loss during the initial stages. Generally, the PRP therapy controls hair loss and also promotes hair re-growth over a period of time once performed for at least 8-9 sessions over a period of 6-7 months time. PRP therapy re-structures the weaker follicular unit grafts by platelet-derived growth factors which are also known to be a healing factor for the Follicular unit grafts.
Platelet-rich plasma therapy also promotes hair re-growth over a period of time by using the platelet-derived growth factors like epidermal growth factor, Endovascular growth factor, endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factor, Insulin growth factors. Now, these growth factors lead to re-structuring of the dermal papilla cells which takes close to 4-6 months time to see considerable hair re-growth. Hence the continuation of the PRP hair treatment sessions at scheduled intervals is very important with regular application of minoxidil topical solution can show promising results.
PRP results can vary from patient to patient because every patient’s hair loss condition is unique. But the effects can last up to 18 months in an average with a maximum of 2years as the longest reported effect.
Generally, before commencing PRP therapy for hair loss the scalp needs to be clean, and 45 mins prior to the entire top portion of the scalp need an application of Local anesthesia cream or spray to make the scalp epidermal layer partially numb so that the needle pricks are minimal. Hence post-anesthesia application the entire session becomes comfortable to undergo with minimal pricking sensation while delivering the PRP injections in the scalp. This minimal prick cannot be avoided while performing the PRP therapy session and is very much bearable by most hair-loss aspirants.
Individuals who are in stages 2-3 of androgenetic alopecia are considered as the best candidates to undergo PRP therapy for hair loss. PRP treatment for hair loss works well on all those follicular unit grafts which are alive and can be revived. PRP therapy for hair loss doesn’t work on all those areas where the follicular unit grafts are dead or perished.